The 12L Tax incentive, according to Income Tax Act, 1962 (Act No. 58 of 1962) provides an allowance for businesses to implement energy efficiency savings. The savings allow for tax deduction of 95c/kwh saved on energy consumption.
The incentive allows tax deduction for all energy carriers (not just electricity) with the exception of renewable energy sources. For the eligibility to claim the deductions, measurements must be kWh equivalent. The verified and measured energy efficiency saving must be over a period of 12 months known as implementation/assessment period which is compared in contrast with the 12 months of baseline measurement. The baseline measurement and savings are verified and measured by a SANAS accredited Measurement and Verification (M&V) Body which assigns an M&V professional.
For the efficient and successful implementation of the incentive, the government has put in place a number of institutions to ensure transparency, cohesion and efficiency. Amongst these institutions are South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI), South African National Accreditation Systems (SANAS), South African Revenue Services (SARS), The Department of Energy (DOE) and National Treasury. Of these Four Institutions SANEDI plays the role of implementing and overseeing the application process of the incentive claimant to the issuing of the 12L Tax Incentive certificate at the application approval.
The incentive was promulgated 1st of November 2013 and is claimable until the 1st of January 2020. On the 25th of February 2015 the Minister of Finance, He Honorable Mr. NM Nene at his annual budget speech vote announced the increase from 45c/kWh to 95c/kWh increase of the incentive. However the increase will only become effective once it has been amended in the Income Tax Act which normally happens at the end of the year.
Further to the changes is the inclusion of co-generation. Where previously only waste heat recovery was claimable as savings in co-generation, the Minister has announced that co-generation in terms of combined heat and power are now claimable with the addition of captive power plant at energy conversion efficiency of the plant greater than 35%.
The second example relates to the remarkable achievements of the SANEDI Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management Hub at the University of Pretoria. The activities of the Hub are jointly funded by the DST and DoE and they have produced over 100 Master and Doctoral students who have specialised and graduated in Energy Management and who are now playing a pivotal role in filling the skills gap for this sought-after expertise in the country.
Going forward, SANEDI will play an even more important role in the co-ordination, integration and reporting on the consolidated performance of the various fragmented energy efficiency initiatives in the country.
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